True toads (family Bufonidae
) have dry, warty skin and parotoid glands behind the eyes. These glands release toxins to dissuade predators. Only the Marine Toad is large enough to release enough toxin to make a dog, cat, or person seriously or deathly ill.
The Marine Toad
or Giant Toad
, Bufo marinus
, is an introduced species found in south Florida, the Keys, and in the Tampa area. Its milky secretions are extremely toxic
The Oak Toad
, Bufo quercicus
, is found in pine and oak woodlands and urban areas statewide. Its call sounds like the very loud peeping of a chick. Its relatively large throat pouch, which extends upward in front of its face, accounts for the volume. It is the smallest toad in the United States, reaching a length of 1.25".
The Southern Toad
, Bufo terrestris
, is found in all habitats statewide. It iss the one most likely to be seen in your yard at night. During the day, it burrows. Its call is a continuous high-pitched trill. It may reach a length of 4.5".
The Fowler's Toad
, Bufo woodhousii fowleri
, is found in ponds in the panhandle.
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