Your Florida Backyard NSiS Home Page Your Florida Backyard Butterfly Host Plants
Click on a family name for more information about the Florida native plants within the family
and which butterflies, birds, and other wildlife the plants attract.
 
A   photo  here and in the plant family listings is a link to photographs of plants in that family.

FamilyBotanical NameCommon NameRegionType
 
 
AcanthusAcanthaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant   *   photo
  Ruellia caroliniensis Wild petunia NCS p
  Ruellia malacosperma (no common name) S p
Bay CedarSurianaceae  *     *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant   *
  Suriana maritima Bay cedar CS s/t
BayberryMyricaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource photo
  Myrica cerifera Wax myrtle NCS s/t
  Myrica heterophylla Northern bayberry NC s/t
BirchBetulaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Alnus serrulata Alder N s
  Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam NC t
  Ostrya virginiana Eastern hophornbeam NC s/t
BuckthornRhamnaceaebird food resource   *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant   *
  Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea NC s
  Ceanothus microphyllus Little leaf red root NC s
  Colubrina arborescens Coffee colubrina S s/t
CaltropZygophyllaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Guaiacum sanctum Lignum vitae S t
CaperCapparaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Capparis cynophallophora Jamaica caper NCS s/t
  Capparis flexuosa Bay-leaved caper NCS s/t
  Polanisia tenuifolia Pineland catchfly NCS a
CarrotApiaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Daucus carota Wild carrot NC b
  Daucus pusillus Small Queen Anne's lace NC a
  Eryngium aromaticum Big button snakeroot NCS b/p
  Eryngium baldwinii Matted-button snakeroot NCS b/p
  Sanicula canadensis Snakeroot NC b
CitrusRutaceaebird food resource   *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Amyris elemifer Torchwood CS t
  Ptelea trifoliata Hop-tree NC s/t
  Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Hercules club NCS s/t
  Zanthoxylum fagara Wild lime NCS s/t
Custard AppleAnnonaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Asimina angustifolia Narrow-leaf pawpaw NC s
  Asimina obovata Flag pawpaw NCS s
  Asimina parviflora Small-fruited pawpaw NC s/t
  Asimina pygmaea Dwarf pawpaw NC s/t
  Asimina reticulata Flatwoods pawpaw NCS s
  Asimina triloba Pawpaw N s/t
CycadCycadaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Zamia floridana Coontie NCS s
CypressCupressaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic white cedar NC t
  Juniperus silicicola Southern red cedar NCS t
DaisyCompositaebird food resource   *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant   *   photo
  Aster caroliniensis Climbing aster NCS p
  Aster walteri Walter's aster NCS p
  Bidens pilosa Spanish needles NCS a
  Borrichia frutescens Sea oxeye daisy NCS p
  Carphephorus corymbosus Florida Paintbrush NCS p
  Cirsium Thistle NCS b
  Coreopsis Tick-seed NCS p
  Echinacea purpurea Purple coneflower NCS p
  Eupatorium coelestinum Mistflower NCS p
  Gaillardia pulchella Gaillardia NC a
  Garberia fruticosa Garberia NC s
  Helianthus angustifolius Narrow-leaved sunflower NCS p
  Helianthus debilis Beach sunflower NCS a
  Liatris Blazing star NCS p
  Pityopsis graminifolia Silkgrass NCS p
  Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan NCS b
  Solidago fistulosa Goldenrod NCS p
  Stokesia laevis Stoke's aster NC p
DogbaneApocynceae  *     *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant   *
  Nerium oleander Oleander NCS s
DogwoodCornaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Cornus amomum Bush dogwood N s
  Cornus florida Flowering dogwood NC t
  Cornus foemina Wild dogwood NCS s
ElmUlmaceaebird food resource   *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Celtis laevigata Hackberry NCS t
  Trema floridanum Florida trema CS t
  Ulmus alata Winged elm NC t
  Ulmus americana American elm NC t
  Ulmus crassifolia Cedar elm N t
FigwortScrophulariaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Bacopa caroliniana Blue hyssop NCS p
  Bacopa innominata Round-leaf water-hyssop NC p
  Bacopa monnieri Smooth water-hyssop NCS p
GoosefootChenopodiaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Salicornia bigelowii Annual glasswort NCS a
  Salicornia virginica Perennial glasswort NCS p
GrassPoaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Panicum hemitomon Maidencane NCS
HeathEricaceaebird food resource   *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource photo
  Gaylusscia dumosa Dwarf huckleberry NCS s
  Vaccinium darrowii Darrow's blueberry NC s
  Vaccinium fuscatum Highbush blueberry NC s
  Vaccinium myrsinites Shiny blueberry NCS s
HollyAquifoliaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Ilex cassine Dahoon holly NCS s/st
HoneysuckleCaprifoliaceaebird food resource hummingbird nectar plant butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource photo
  Viburnum nudum Possum haw NC s/t
  Viburnum obovatum Walter's viburnum NCS s/t
  Viburnum rufidulum Rusty black haw NC s/st
LaurelLauraceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Lindera benzoin Spice bush N s
  Nectandra coriacea Lancewood S s/t
  Persea borbonia Redbay NCS s/t
  Persea humilis Silk bay C t
  Persea palustris Swamp bay NCS s/t
  Sassafras albidum Sassafras NC s/t
LeadwortPlumbaginaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Limonium carolinianum Sea lavender NCS p
  Plumbago scandens Wild plumbago NC p
LegumeFabaceaebird food resource hummingbird nectar plant butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Aeschynomene viscidula Shy leaf NCS a
  Amorpha fruticosa Leadplant NCS s
  Caesalpinia crista Gray nicker CS s
  Cassia chamaecrista Partridge pea NCS a
  Cassia chapmanii Bahama cassia S s
  Cassia nictitans Sensitive plant NCS a
  Cassia occidentalis Coffee senna NCS a
  Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud N t
  Crotalaria pallida Rattlebox NCS a
  Dalea carnea Dalea NCS p
  Dalea feayi Globe headed prairie clover NC p
  Dalea pinnata Summer farewell NCS p
  Dalea pinnata var. adenopoda White prairie clover NCS p
  Desmodium lineatum Beggar's tick NC p
  Erythrina herbacea Coral bean NCS p, s/t
  Galactia floridana Florida milk pea NCS p
  Galactia elliottii White milk pea NCS p, v
  Lupinus diffusus Sky-blue lupine NCS p
  Lupinus perennis Sundial lupine N p
  Lupinus villosus Lady lupine NCS p
  Lysiloma bahamense Wild tamarind S t
  Melilotus alba White sweet clover NCS b
  Melilotus indica Sour sweet clover NCS a
  Pithecellobium keyense Blackbead S s/t
  Pithecellobium unguis-cati Cat claw S s/t
  Sophora tomentosa Necklace pod S p
  Stylosanthes hamata Southern pencil flower NCS p
  Trifolium incarnatum Crimson clover NC a
  Trifolium repens White clover NCS p
  Vicia acutifolia Vetch NCS p, v
  Vicia floridana Florida vetch NCS p
  Vicia ocalensis Ocala vetch C p
  Vicia sativa Sand vetch N a
MagnoliaMagnoliaceaebird food resource hummingbird nectar plant   *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Liriodendron tulipifera Tuliptree NC t
  Magnolia grandiflora Southern magnolia NCS t
  Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay NCS t
MallowMalvaceaebird food resource hummingbird nectar plant butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant   *
  Abutilon permolle Indian mallow S s
  Hibiscus aculeatus Crimson-eyed rose mallow N p
  Hibiscus coccineus Scarlet rose mallow NCS s
  Hibiscus grandiflorus Swamp hibiscus NCS p
  Hibiscus virginica Seashore mallow NCS p
  Malvaviscus arboreus Turk's cap NCS s
  Sida cordifolia Wire weed NCS p
MilkweedAsclepiadaceae  *     *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant   *   photo
  Asclepias curassavica Scarlet milkweed NCS a
  Asclepias humistrata Purple milkweed NC p
  Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed NCS p
  Asclepias longiflora Florida milkweed NCS p
  Asclepias pedicellata Pedicellate milkweed NCS p
  Asclepias perennis White milkweed NC p
  Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly weed NCS p
  Asclepias variegata Variegated milkweed N p
MistletoeLoranthaceae  *     *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant   *
  Phoradedron serotinum Mistletoe NCS p
MulberryMoraceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Ficus aurea Strangler fig S t
  Ficus citrifolia Shortleaf fig S t
  Morus rubra Red mulberry NCS t
MustardBrassicaceae  *     *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant   *
  Brassica kaber Wild mustard NCS a
  Brassica rapa Field mustard NC a
  Cakile edentula Northern sea rocket NC a
  Cakile lanceolata Southern sea rocket CS a
  Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd's purse N a
  Lepidium virginicum Pepper grass NCS a
OakFagaceaebird food resource   *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Fagus grandifolia American beech N t
  Quercus alba White oak N t
  Quercus laevis Turkey oak NC t
  Quercus laurifolia Laurel oak NCS t
  Quercus michauzii Basket oak NC t
  Quercus myrtifolia Myrtle oak NCS t
  Quercus nigra Water oak NCS t
  Quercus shumardii Shumard oak NC t
  Quercus virginiana Live oak NCS t
OliveOleaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Fraxinus caroliniana Pop ash NC t
  Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash NC t
PassionflowerPassifloraceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant   *   photo
  Passiflora incarnata Maypop NCS p, v
  Passiflora lutea Yellow maypop NCS p, v
  Passiflora multiflora Passion vine NCS p, v
  Passiflora suberosa Corky-stemmed passion-flower NCS p, v
PinePinaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Pinus clausa Sand pine NCS t
  Pinus elliottii Slash pine NCS t
  Pinus glabra Spruce pine NC t
  Pinus palustris Longleaf pine NCS t
  Pinus taeda Loblolly pine NC t
PipevineAristolochiaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Aristolochia tomentosa Wooly pipevine v
QuassiaSimaroubaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Alvaradoa amorphoides Mexican Alvaradoa S t
RoseRosaceaebird food resource hummingbird nectar plant butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Amelanchier arborea Serviceberry N s/t
  Crataegus flava Summer haw NC t
  Crataegus marshallii Parsley haw NC t
  Malus angustifolia Southern crabapple N s/t
  Prunus americana Wild plum NC t
  Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw plum NC s/t
  Prunus serotina Wild cherry NC t
  Prunus umbellata Flatwoods plum NC s/t
  Rosa palustris Swamp rose NC p
  Rubus argutus Highbush blackberry NC s
  Rubus cuneifolius Sand blackberry NCS s
  Rubus trivialis Southern dewberry NCS s
SaltwortBataceae  *     *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Batis maritima Saltwort NCS s
SedgeCyperaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Cyperus planifolius Coastal sedge S p
  Dichromena colorata Fine leaved whitetop sedge NCS p
  Dichromena latifolia Giant whitetop sedge NCS p
SoapberrySapindaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Cardiospermum halicacabum Balloon vine NCS a, v
SpurgeEuphorbiaceae  *     *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant   *
  Ateramnus lucidus Crabwood S s/t
  Croton capitatus Woolly croton NC s
  Croton glandulosus Tropic croton NCS s
  Croton linearis Pineland croton CS s
SweetleafSymplocaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant   *
  Symplocos tinctoria Sweetleaf NC s/t
TorchwoodBurseraceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Bursera simaruba Gumbo limbo S t
VerbenaVerbenaceaebird food resource   *   butterfly nectar plant butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource photo
  Avicennia germinans Black mangrove NCS s/t
  Lantana depressa Pineland lantana NCS p
  Lantana involucrata White lantana NCS s
  Phyla lanceolata Tall matchhead N p
  Phyla nodiflora Matchhead NCS p
  Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Blue porterweed CS p
  Verbena bonariensis Purple top NCS p
  Verbena tampensis Tampa vervain NCS p
WalnutJuglandaceaebird food resource   *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Carya aquatica Water hickory NCS t
  Carya floridana Scrub hickory NCS t
  Carya glabra Pignut hickory NC t
WillowSalicaceae  *     *     *   butterfly host plant wildlife food and/or shelter resource
  Salix caroliniana Carolina willow NCS t
  Salix floridana Florida willow C t
  Salix nigra Black willow N t

N=north   C=central   S=south
a=annual   b=biennial   p=perennial   s=shrub   t=tree   v=vine
 
  butterfly nectar plant  Butterfly nectar plant
butterfly host plant  Butterfly host plant
bird food resource  Food resource for birds (non-nectar)
hummingbird nectar plant  Nectar plant for hummingbirds
 
wildlife food and/or shelter resource  Good source of food and/or shelter for wildlife
 

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